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Webhook

To use backup and recovery, you need to configure a webhook with Portal.

Why do I need a webhook?

The raw custodian backup share is stored in your database.
During the backup process, Portal generates the custodian backup share on its servers and then sends it to your API via a webhook endpoint for you to store. After the webhook request completes, the custodian backup share is deleted from the Portal servers. Portal never stores the custodian backup shares in its database -- it is only ever used in memory during the duration of the backup and recover processes.
During the recovery process, Portal will request the custodian backup shares for the user from your API via the POST /backup/fetch webhook endpoint. After the wallet successfully recovers, a new set of signing shares are generated, which are then stored on the user's device.

Your Database

Before we dive into the webhook endpoints' implementations, we should go over your database schema. Multi-backup requires storing both custodian and user backup shares by their respective backup method in your own database. We recommend the following database model structure:
// Encrypted backup share received from portal.backup().
// Encrypted backup share retrieved from your API to be used in portal.recover().
model UserBackupShare {
backupMethod String @default("UNKNOWN") // (String) The method used for the backup. Defaults to "UNKNOWN" if not specified.
createdAt DateTime @default(now()) // (DateTime) The timestamp when the backup share was created.
id String @id @default(cuid()) // (String) A unique identifier for each backup share
cipherText String // (String) The encrypted backup share data.
userId String // (Int) The identifier of the user to whom the backup share belongs.
user User @relation(fields: [userId], references: [id]) // (User) A relation field that links to the corresponding user in the User model.
@@unique([userId, backupMethod]) // A unique constraint ensuring that each user has only one backup share per method.
}
// Raw backup share received from the POST /backup webhook.
// Raw backup share retrieved from the POST /backup/fetch webhook.
model CustodianBackupShare {
backupMethod String @default("UNKNOWN") // (String) The method used for the backup. Defaults to "UNKNOWN" if not specified.
createdAt DateTime @default(now()) // (DateTime) The timestamp when the backup share was created.
id String @id @default(cuid()) // (String) A unique identifier for each backup share
share String // (String) The raw backup share data.
userId String // (String) The identifier of the user to whom the backup share belongs.
user User @relation(fields: [userId], references: [id]) // (User) A relation field that links to the corresponding user in the User model.
@@unique([userId, backupMethod]) // A unique constraint ensuring that each user has only one backup share per method.
}
// User model, often referred to as "Client" in our documentation.
model User {
clientApiKey String @unique // (String) The unique Client API Key assigned to the user.
clientId String @unique // (String) The unique identifier for the client that Portal uses.
id String @id @default(cuid()) // (String) The primary key for the user
userBackupShares UserBackupShare[] // (UserBackupShare[]) A list of the user backup shares related to the user.
custodianBackupShares CustodianBackupShare[] // (CustodianBackupShare[]) A list of the custodian backup shares related to the user.
}
We won't go into depth just yet, but it's worth calling out that you can see a couple associations:
  1. 1.
    A user has many raw custodian backup shares unique by backup method.
  2. 2.
    A user has many encrypted user backup shares unique by backup method.
    1. 1.
      The encryption key is stored differently depending on the backup method used.
Perfect, let's dive right into building out the webhook endpoints with this context.

API Endpoints you need to build

There are two webhook endpoints that your API needs to support: POST /backup for backup and POST /backup/fetch for recover.

POST /backup

During the backup process, Portal sends the custodian backup share to your API to store. The request will include a X-Webhook-Secret header (you can set this in the Portal Admin Dashboard).
The body of this POST request will contain three fields:
  • backupMethod - The backup method used to create the backup share. One of: "GDRIVE", "ICLOUD", "PASSKEY", or "PASSWORD". (This list may change as we add support for new backup methods in the future.)
  • clientId - The Portal ID of the user. We recommend keeping track of this.
  • share - A JSON stringified version of the custodian backup share.
Your webhook server is expected to store the backupMethod, clientId, and share value in a secure database.
The backup share is critical to protecting your users' wallet. It is important to treat the share value as a sensitive value and handle it accordingly. Do not log the value (or request body), be sure to store the value encrypted at rest, and understand the access control on the database.
It should also return a 200 status code.
Here is a simple example of how to set this up using Node and Express:
server.ts
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app.post('/webhook/backup', async (req, res) => {
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const backupMethod = req.body['backupMethod']
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validateBackupMethod(backupMethod) // One of: "GDRIVE", "ICLOUD", "PASSWORD", "PASSKEY"
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const share = req.body['share']
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validateShare(share)
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const clientId = req.body['clientId']
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const user = await this.getUserByClientId(clientId)
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// Remove any existing custodian backup shares for this backup method + user.
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await db.custodianBackupShare.deleteMany({
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where: {
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backupMethod,
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userId: user.id,
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},
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})
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// Store the custodian backup share.
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await db.custodianBackupShare.create({
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data: {
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backupMethod,
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share,
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userId: user.id,
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},
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})
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res.status(204).send()
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})
When Portal makes a request to your /backup webhook, another immediate request is made to /backup/fetch right after in order to validate the custodian backup share was stored successfully. The /backup/fetch webhook is explained in the "Handling recovery" doc.

Recovery

During the recovery process, Portal requests the custodian backup share from your API. Portal will request the existing custodian backup shares for a user with a POST request to [webhookBaseURL]/backup/fetch. The request will include a X-Webhook-Secret header (you can set this in the Portal Admin Dashboard).
The request body of this request will contain one field:
  • clientId - The Portal Id of the user.
Your webhook server is expected to fetch the custodian backup shares for the given clientId. It should also return a 200 status code along with the backupShares in the response body.
Here is a simple example of how to set this up using Node and Express:
app.post('/webhook/backup/fetch', async (req: Request, res: Response) => {
const { clientId } = req.body
// Obtain all custodian backup shares for the client.
const custodianBackupShares = await db.custodianBackupShares.findMany({
where: {
clientId,
},
})
// Ensure to only return back the JSON stringified shares you received from the /backup webhook endpoint.
const rawShares = custodianBackupShares.map((custodianBackupShare) => {
return custodianBackupShare.share
})
res.status(200).send({ backupShares: rawShares })
})
Once we retrieve your custodian backup shares for the client, we will do the heavy lifting to figure out which backup method you're using and select the appropriate custodian backup share to use as a result. So it's as simple as that, just send us all of the custodian backup shares for the client and we'll take care of the rest for this webhook endpoint!
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Configuration

To configure your webhook go to the Settings Page of the Portal web app. Navigate to the Webhooks section and select the "New +" button. Enter in the base URL for your webhook server and select "Create". A secure, random webhook secret will be automatically generated for you unless you prefer to create your own secret.
Setting up the webhook base URL.
Once the webhook base URL has been added. You will be able to view the webhook configuration. See the image below describing the different components of the webhook configuration.
  1. 1.
    Base URL - This is the URL you've configured.
    1. 1.
      When Portal runs backup it will send a request to the [webhookBaseURL]/backup route to send your server a custodian backup share to save for a client by backup method.
    2. 2.
      When Portal runs recover it will send a request to the [webhookBaseURL]/backup/fetch endpoint to request the custodian backup shares for a user from your server.
  2. 2.
    Webhook Secret - Click the icon to reveal your webhook secret.
  3. 3.
    Webhook Endpoint - Each endpoint that Portal sends requests to has a status indicator letting you know whether the route is working correctly.
  4. 4.
    Request Explorer - To view the HTTP requests and responses sent to each route select "View Requests".

Security

To ensure secure transmission of recovery shares via the webhook we follow several security best practices.

Webhook Secret

Including a secret along with each webhook request adds authentication to the requests sent to your webhook server. You should verify that the secret with the request matches the secret configured in Portal.
All of our webhook requests are sent with a secret in the X-Webhook-Secret header. The secret is securely generated on webhook configuration and can be viewed in the Settings Page of the web app.
A configured webhook in the Settings page of the web app.

IP Allowlist

Restricting requests on your webhook server to only those from Portal's IP addresses protects against requests from other parties. Configure your webhook server to only accept inbound connections from Portal's IP address.
Portal always makes requests from the IP address 35.203.150.117.